To The Church of Sardis: Living with the Spiritually Dead

“To the angel of the Church of Sardis write: 'These things says the One Who has the seven spirits of God and the seven stars: I know thy works, that thou hast a name that thou livest, and are dead” (Rev. 3:1). In his monumental commentary on the book of Revelation, Archimandrite Athanasios makes clear …

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The Church in Pergamos: Balaam is in Your Midst

“And to the angel of the Church in Pergamos write ...” (Rev. 2:12). The historic church of Pergamos “was planted in the midst of a city extremely corrupted by paganism … In it there was a temple to the pagan god Aesculapius, the patron of physicians. Its sorcerers occupied themselves with medicine and offered great …

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The Church of Ephesus: Praise and Rebuke

“To the angel of the Church in Ephesus write: 'These things says the One Who holds the seven stars in His right hand, the One Who walks about in the midst of the seven golden lampstands” (Rev. 2:1). According to the Patristic understanding, the seven stars represent bishops and the lampstands the churches. Christ the …

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